Dog and Puppy Care
We may recommend the following canine vaccine program:
Rabies is a fatal disease of the nervous system. It is caused by a virus that can infect all warm-blooded animals, including humans. The virus attacks the brain and spinal cord, causing severe nervous system dysfunction and eventually death. The most common way to contract rabies is being bitten by an infected animal. The rabies virus, present in the infected animal’s saliva, passes through the broken skin of the victim.
In Alberta, the most common victims of rabies are wild animals. Skunks have the highest rate of infection although bats, coyotes, foxes, and raccoons are also very susceptible. Cats, dogs, cattle and horses usually contract rabies through encounters with rabid wildlife.
First dose of vaccine given at 16 weeks of age
Next dose of vaccine given 1 year after first dose
Subsequent doses of vaccine given every 3 years
Canine distemper virus is a highly contagious disease. It commonly infects dogs, raccoons, skunks, and other animals in those families. Its symptoms can include fever and nasal discharge, which can lead to pneumonia, neurologic dysfunction and even death.
Hepatitis is a virus that causes liver disease and can result in death.
Parvovirus is a devastating disease that causes intractable vomiting and diarrhea. It can also severely damage an animal’s immune system. Parvovirus is highly contagious and often transmits through feces. It can persist on contaminated surfaces, such as sidewalks, for five or more months.
Parainfluenza is one of the primary causes of kennel cough, a disease where virus and bacteria can synergistically cause a dry hacking cough in dogs.
Doses of DHPP vaccine administered every 3–4 weeks from 6–8 weeks of age to 16–18 weeks of age
Next dose of vaccine one year later
Subsequent doses in adult dogs administered every 1-2 years thereafter.
Kennel cough is a contagious bacterial and viral infection transmitted by oral and nasal secretions. It usually results in a dry cough that sounds like a dog is trying to cough something up and varies in severity. In some cases, it can lead to significant pneumonia. Sometimes, the vaccine will include mild symptoms that may require antibiotics if persistent.
First dose at 12–16 weeks of age
Next dose one year later
Subsequent dose every six months or once yearly, depending on exposure in kennels, shows, dog groups, and so on